James Joyce's entire formal education came at the hands of the Jesuits. By the time he graduated from University College, Dublin,
in 1902, however, he had rejected his Catholicism and all his obligations to family, homeland and the British who ruled there. In 1904, he fled Ireland into self-imposed exile, moving, with his wife and two children, through several European cities (including Pola, Trieste, Zurich, Rome, and Paris).The ex-patriot Joyce was once pointedly asked what he had done during the Great War (World War I). His reply? "I wrote Ulysses."