|Fr. Theophane Matthias, S.J.|
As early as 1968, Theophane Matthias, director of the Jesuit Educational Association of India, had declared that "saving souls from eternal damnation is no longer a valid theology for the worldwide church's missionary effort." Carl J. Ambruster, S.J., in a 1971 report commissioned by the American bishops, demolished all foundation for the Catholic priesthood. Ambruster then left the priesthood. In that same year, 1971, Peter Brugnoli, S.J., became the founder of a new movement of priests and laymen in Rome to oppose the conservative structures and politics of Pope Paul VI "The November 17, 1971 Movement,"